Minggu, 20 Oktober 2013


Stress is the body’s and mind’s way of meeting a challenge, such as the following:
• Change in life, on the job, or in daily routines
• Money problems
• Illness or injury
• Family changes
• Retirement
Any one of the above may be minor, but many minor challenges can add up to a very stressful
Stress leads to a build-up of tension that, if not relieved, can cause anxiety — a fear of what
might happen even when no threat exists. Some signs of anxiety are nervousness, dizziness,
trembling, a pounding heart, inability to relax, breathing difficulties, and abnormal eating habits.
A little anxiety is necessary to stay alert, but prolonged anxiety can lead to serious health problems
such as ulcers and high blood pressure and can impair the ability to enjoy life.
The disappointments or frustrations that cause stress also can lead to depression, a serious mental
illness characterized by fatigue, insomnia, boredom, restlessness, lack of interest in life, and
withdrawal. Left untreated, depression can lead to feelings of unworthiness, isolation, and even
Reducing stress.
Because some stress in life is unavoidable, avoiding stress when possible is a good mental-health
practice. Below are some tips.
• Talk things over with a friend or someone who is involved in the problem.
• Exercise regularly.
• Plan work to make the best use of time.
• Take a break.
• Learn to relax.
• Be realistic.
• Avoid stressful situations.
• Work to change stressful conditions.
Some don’ts.
There are ways to relieve stress that are actually more harmful in the long run.
• Don’t turn to drugs or alcohol.
• Don’t smoke.
• Don’t drink beverages that contain caffeine.
• Don’t ignore the warning signs: nervousness, irritability, panic, mysterious aches and
pains, headaches, insomnia, dizziness, pounding heart, or abnormal eating habits.
Getting help.
In a situation where stress is getting out of hand, don’t hesitate to ask for help. Asking for help is
not a sign of weakness, but a sign of intelligence. Many employers offer employee assistance programs,
and schools have counselors who can help. Or, consult a physician or community mental
health center. Mental health professionals can help in looking at life, finding the sources of stress,
and suggesting ways to deal with it.
People under stress can also help one another by being good listeners, offering
constructive advice or assistance, and suggesting professional help and just being supportive of
those who choose to seek such help.

Stress is an unavoidable and necessary part of life. It helps the mind and body deal with life's challenges,
such as an algebra test, a job interview, or another driver pulling out in front of us. It accelerates the heart
rate, rushes adrenalin to the muscles, and makes people mentally alert.
But too much stress is harmful. If it doesn't disappear after the challenge is met, or if challenges occur too
often, then it can affect both mental and physical health.
Dealing with and reducing stress can improve both physical and mental health.

Hasminee Uma K. E. NIM : 12410215

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