There are so many definitions circulating about what is Autism . But
in general , Autism , is a developmental disorder particularly common
in childhood , which makes a person unable to conduct social interaction
and as if living in his own world . In children commonly called Infantile Autism .
is also a disorder that makes people pull away from the outside world
and create his own fantasy world : talk , laugh , cry , and get angry
But there is a clear distinction between the cause of autism in people with schizophrenia and infantile autism . Schizophrenia
is caused by a process of regression due to mental illness , whereas in
children with infantile autism there is a failure of development .
Infantile autism symptoms occurred before the child reaches the age of 3 years . In most children , the symptoms had been there since birth . A
mother who is very closely monitoring the development of their children
are going to see some anomalies before his son reached the age of 1
year . That really stands out is the absence or the very lack of eye contact .
To check whether a child has autism or not , to use international standards on autism . ICD
- 10 ( International Classification of Diseases ) 1993 and DSM - IV (
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ) in 1994 to formulate criteria for
the diagnosis of Infantile Autism with the same content , which is now
used throughout the world . These criteria are :
must be at least 6 symptoms of ( 1 ) , ( 2 ) , and ( 3 ) , with at
least 2 symptoms of ( 1 ) and each 1 symptom of ( 2 ) and ( 3 ) .
( 1 ) Qualitative Disorders in reciprocal social interaction . There must be at least 2 of the following symptoms :
to establish adequate social interaction : eye contact is less , less
lively facial expressions , gestures are less directed
Can not play with peers
There was no empathy ( can not feel what another person )
Less able to organize social relationships and emotional reciprocity
( 2 ) qualitative in the field of communication disorders . There must be at least 1 of the following symptoms :
Delayed speech development or not at all developed . Children are not trying to communicate non - verbally
When a child can talk , then do not use speech to communicate
Often use strange language and repeated
How to play less varied , less imaginative and less able to replicate
( 3 ) The existence of a pattern of sustained and repetitive behavior , interests , and activities . There must be at least 1 of the following symptoms :
Maintain one or more interest in a very distinctive and redundant
Fixated on a ritualistic activities or routines that are not any good
There are strange movements are typical and are repeated
Often very impressed on the parts of objects
the age of 3 years seems a delay or interruption in the field ( 1 )
social interaction , ( 2 ) speech and language , and ( 3 ) how to play
the monotony , less varied .
Not caused by Rett syndrome or Childhood disintegrative disorder .
But there is always the possibility of misdiagnosis , especially in mild autism . This
is usually caused by a disturbance or other diseases that accompany
autism disorders that exist , such as severe mental retardation or
Autism has the possibility to be cured , depending on the severity of the disorder there . Based
on recent news , in Indonesia there are 2 people with autism are
successfully treated , and is now able to live a normal and achievement .
In America , where people with autism be treated more seriously , a greater percentage of healing .