Sabtu, 07 Desember 2013

Psychology and Relation With Food

        Conversations related to eating and food is said to have no end . Questions like " where to eat " or "eat what ? " Is always interesting to leveled . Scientific findings regarding the food was like it never stops flowing . Human life is closely related to food issues . What can I say ? Activity eat and find food is indeed one of the basic human instinct . Since the first human to set foot on earth - even from the first life on earth - no , activities chew - swallow - and -let - digestive - system - care of the rest has ensured continuation of human life . Thus, we can say that the search for and enjoy the food was one of the fundamental aspects of human life . There is even a special part of the brain that regulate these issues ( to be discussed later ) .
        But, for me that according to matchmaker site must click ' excess few pounds ' in the Self Description , discussion of food issues do not stop at the topic of ' places to eat well ' and ' new recipe ' . I also have to talk about the dark side of eating and foraging activities , namely , the problem of ' hold and reduce the size of the meal ' or in daily language known by the word DIET . The question of why people should diet with regard to many things which if translated to produce a single piece of new writing again . But in short like this , or a control diet meal instinct is closely related to two other basic instincts , namely , the instinct of sex ( some of the excess pounds will be difficult to get a pair ) and the instinct of self-defense ( the excess pounds proved to have some range of employment options narrower , so the ability survivalnya be lower) .
       However, I am not alone . Even the " friend " of mine who are both facing a problem diet and being overweight ( obese even ) very much - perhaps one of them is you . An editorial in the Washington Post stated that the rate of obesity in children in the United States has increased three -fold in just two decades . Even Mary Boggiano , my fellow colleagues psychology practitioners claim that sixty- four percent of all people have a weight problem ( which makes me ask , ' if so , how do we determine the weight of "normal " ? Because meaning is normative people weight above the " normal " , right? ' ) .
       Deviated slightly from the subject , half of sixty percent of the human population who have a weight problem is one third of the citizens of the United States , which makes the country deal with the problem seriously overweight . So much for gravity to the point that they sometimes act silly . For example , in February 2008 to a fairly busy month in the state of Mississippi after some members of the planning legislation passed legislation mandating state for the waiters to refuse to provide food for diners who are overweight . If this law to political reality , rejection at the restaurant will be quite a massive recall thirty percent of adults in Mississippi suspected of suffering from obesity .
        Still slightly deviated from the subject , the making of laws relating to food , not only in the state of Mississippi . In fact there is a national law ( which is popularly known as the Cheeseburger Bill ) which complicates the consumer to sue food companies . This law was made after three people in 2002 who demanded fast-food restaurants ( which has the symbol of the golden arch ) because they think fat calories in burgers made ​​in the restaurant was well above their estimates , thus eventually making them obese . Although there was previously a consumer who successfully sued tobacco companies which he has made himself addicted to cigarettes , the demand for this restaurant is canceled by the court and the trigger was made ​​Cheeseburger Bill . Proponents of the legislation Cheeseburger said that unlike tobacco , does not make a person addicted to food and the amount of food that enters the body entirely within the control of individuals who eat it .
        But is that true ? Psychology replied , ' yes and no ' . Conversation strayed from the topic lead us into the main discussion that I want to convey . Starting from the question ' is it true food can cause addiction ? ' Is the answer we have raised the question of how the brain works in regulating the activities of eating , where knowledge of the brain will help us to understand the diet .
       To answer it true that food can be addictive , we need to know how the brain works in regulating feeding behavior ( here , I pay off my promise above ) . In 2007 , the magazine Scientific American Mind discusses this issue ( under the heading This Is Your Brain on Food ) . In a recent issue of Psychology Today magazine , this discussion resurfaced with the title Consuming Passions . The explanation that I put in here is basically the incorporation of both the article. This article is my opinion also added Diane Papalia et al conclude . (author of Human Development , discusses the book of human life from the embryo until his death ) which states that the major cause of human death is actually not a decrease in body function ( degeneration ) , but rather due to a lifestyle that is not responsible for ( among others , do not keep the pattern and feed composition ) .
        Well , let's discuss the process that the brain in regulating feeding behavior ( if you do not like the translation of the human physiological system , you better skip down three paragraphs , calculated from this paragraph . I'm not angry . Pledge ! ) . Parts of the brain that regulate feeding behavior called hypotalamus ( located in the middle of the brain ) . Part of the outer ( lateral ) hypotalamus is part of what makes hunger , while the front - middle ( ventromedial ) hypotalamus is the part that gives a sense of fullness .
When the stomach is empty , a hormone called Ghrelin released by the body . This hormone then , with the help of blood , until at Lateral Hypotalamus ( LH ) and LH release substances make ' hungry ' that Neuropeptide Y ( the substance that tells the body and tasteful hungry or want to eat ) . Ghrelin also inhibits hormones that inform the brain that the body is feeling full or sufficient ( agents ' full ' ) , that pro-opiomelanocortin ( POMC ) . Thus, humans also feel hungry ( or tasteful to eat ) . Not enough ? The body has a second mechanism , when the body is less energy because of lack of food , the amount of blood sugar and insulin in the blood decreases . This information is received LH and come into the driving Neuropeptide Y secretion and inhibit POMC production . More hungry ' us if our brain was not obeyed .
         In contrast , when stomach contents then we , blood - sugar levels and insulin increased , thus lowering LH back Neuropeptide Y and let POMC to be present in the brain ( brain so say , ' okay , we're full , all happy ' ) . There was also relief of leptin , a substance that is presented by a substance that inhibits the body fat ' hungry ' and increase the production of substances ' full ' . In addition through the blood , the body feel full of information that is also channeled directly through the nerve , ie with a peptide called Cholecystokinin ( CCK ), which tells the brain that the stomach is filled through the nerve . Perhaps the full body of information that can be channeled through the "shortcut" so that we can immediately stop eating before the stomach is too full .
         However, humans often stubborn . Often we hear people who do things , such as homework , forgot to eat . Well , your body makes a different system to help him get food security . This system is called a sense of pleasure . When food goes into our body , a substance called dopamine is released into the brain - the limbic system ( which regulates motivation and pleasure ) called the striatum ( part of the brain to feel pleasure from food and orgasm ) . Dopamine provides a delicious sensation to the brain . Thus, the activities of eating into a fun activity , which causes the man would be happy to put food in his mouth and cause the body to have assurance that the man will enter the body needs to stay alive .
          However , humans are creatures who have the pleasure seeking nature . If he gets the enjoyment of an activity , on the next occasion where he wants the pleasure , he would repeat the earlier activity . Here, there is a separation between the two forms of hunger . The first is actually hungry hungry , hunger is caused by physiological processes above ( through Ghrelin , blood - sugar and insulin ) are referred to as ' hungry stomach ' . The second type is hungry hunger ( appetite ) to get a sense of pleasure from dopamine , the so-called ' brain hungry ' or in our culture is known as the ' hungry eyes ' .
        Apparently , part of the brain that get pleasure from dopamine ( Striatum ) is the same part that get pleasure from narcotics . The statement was made ​​by the magazine Scientific American Mind . Meanwhile , the article from Psychology Today has a different view by stating that the food is actually a natural substance that causes pleasure , while the drug is a substance that causes the double pleasure of food . Whatever view you receive , it can be concluded that food and drugs provide similar pleasure ( different in the strong sense of pleasure ) so that , food may lead to addiction .
        How about the way food is addictive ? This discussion will be entered dietary problems . People taking narcotics and obese people have one thing in common , their brains are not normal . They have hypersensitif dopamine receptors , which makes little exposure to things they like ( drug or food ) to make them become obsessed to get it ; exposure is not only to taste the things they like , but enough to see these items or see the others enjoy these goods .
       But how dopamine receptors can change so hypersensitive ? In laboratory experiments , it was found that the style diet ' revenge ' alter dopamine become hypersensitive . Intent -style diet ' revenge ' are on a diet to reduce certain types of foods ( usually high in calories such as rice ) . The problem , it was found that humans tend to have a period of ' revenge ' in which there is a time between the current diet of high-calorie foods in large quantities entered . THEN hold the body style diet by eating indulgent body without this control could actually make dopamine receptors become hypersensitive and makes the body so obsessed with food such restraint . Thus , the addiction to food ensued and the man who had reached at this stage will have difficulty controlling food intake into the body .
       Another problem found was the body turns out not to have a system that is reminiscent of that weight has reached an over -weight or obese . The body only has a system that would panicked when body weight decreased . So , if you gained weight from 60 kg to 80 kg , your body will stay calm . But , if you go down and then the weight of 80 kg to 79 kg , the body will be ordered so that you eat in order to get back to the point of 80 kg .

       Therefore , psychology concluded that the best form of diet is a diet that is logical , eat small portions under your current portion ( and decrease slowly improved portion ) and do not listen to your body ' panic ' to make you hungry . Then , do the extreme cutting a type of food ; better you reduce all kinds of food but in a tiered phase and a reduction in small increments . If you gain weight , do not be handled by reducing the size of the meal ; should tackle with exercise , even if at the time you are lazy to exercise.

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