Dyslexia
(pronounced: dis-lek-see-ah) is a type of learning disability. A person with a
learning disability has trouble processing words or numbers. There are several
kinds of learning disabilities; dyslexia is the term used when people have
difficulty learning to read, even though they are smart enough and are
motivated to learn. The word dyslexia comes from two Greek words: dys, which
means abnormal or impaired, and lexis, which refers to language or words.

Dyslexia is not
a disease. It's a condition that you are born with, and it often runs in
families. People with dyslexia are not stupid or lazy. Most have average or
above-average intelligence, and they work very hard to overcome their learning
problems.

Dyslexic students tend to be good at understanding
three-dimensional objects, spatial reasoning, and things they can see in
pictures. They have problems with symbols, so their math problems often stem
from difficulty with the symbolic representation of math concepts. They also
have problems thinking with words, so rote memory of math sums (such as
multiplication tables) is very difficult. Finally, because they are 'big
picture' thinkers, they often have trouble with sequential, step-by-step logic
or ordering - obviously important to follow a series of steps such as learning
to do long division.

With this in mind, tools that teach math
concepts through hands-on activities and manipulatives are very good. It is
important to make sure that the student understands the basic concepts that
numbers and other mathematical symbols represent. You also will want to help
the student see where any mathematical process is leading; before a dyslexic
student can learn steps in a process, the student will want to know why and how
these steps will lead to the intended result.

Fanu, James le fanu. 2006.

*Diteksi dini masalah- masalah psikologi anak*. Jogjakarta : think.
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